English name:GINSENG EXTRACT, Gentianae Radix, Chinese Gentian Root P.E.
Latin name;Gentiana scabra Bge.
Plant source:The dragon Dan root or root-stock withdraw
Composition:The dragon Dan contains yellow alkali(Gentioflavine) of the dragon Dan, containing the dragon Dan sweet(Gentioside).The Dan is sweet(Gentioside).This article is the dragon Dan section plant dragon Dan(the Gentiana scabra BGE) and it belongs to the same the near good luck plant dry root or root-stock.
1. Digest an influence-this article fried infuse to go into the empty stomach rabbit stomach Qiang directly, early certain time present to repress the stomach exercise phenomenon, behind turn Kang into the phenomenon, then has no this phenomenon for medicine.This article samples a thing to leave to the guinea pig the body bowel tube contain idle function, flapping an aggrandizement, its function can be organized a complete Jie anti- of An, may have relation with sympathetic nerves exciting function.
2. Immunization-this article water sample a thing to have already repressed a function to the reaginic antibody, repressing a function slightly to the hemolytic plaque forming cell creation.
The modern studies
Main composition:Contain a dragon Dan bitterness(Gentiopicrin), Zhang tooth vegetables bitterness(Swertiamarin), be medicine(Sweroside), three leafs(Trifloroside), bitter dragon(Amarogentin)s, four B dragon Dan bitterness(the Gentiopicroside tetraacetate), bitter Zhang(Amaroswerin);The dragon Dan the yellow alkali(Gentioflavine), dragon Dan alkali(Gentianine), Qin's Jiao B vegetable(Gentianidine), Qin's Jiao C vegetable(Gentianol), the dragon Dan is three sugar(Gentianose), the β -valley Zi Chun(β -Sitosterol)...etc..
Plant sterol (mainly sitosterol and stigmastero and so on) is a substance with high biological activity. It has bioactive functions of lowering cholesterol and blood fat, anti-cancer and preventing heart diseases. It is an important material for producing steroid drugs and Vitamin D3.
In addition, it has a wide usage in daily chemicals, cosmetics and animal growth promoting agents. Meanwhile, since plant sterol provides a good emulsification effect, it can be used in papermaking, used as a diffusion agent in printing, as a softener in the textile industry and an antioxidant for preventing frying oil deterioration in the food industry. It is also reported that FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has recommended plant sterol as a new natural material of healthcare food for lowering blood fat and preventing arteriosclerosis.
Sitosterol is a mixed plant sterol and an important role in plant sterol. It is widely found in grain, wheat, corn, oil rape and so on. The molecular formula of β-sitosterol is as follows:
Its main effects and usages are as follows:
It is an important material for producing steroid drugs and Vitamin D3, e.g., a key intermediate of the anti-SARS drug glucocorticoid.
1. It has been proved by application that it has significant curative effects on curing cervical cancer and skin cancer. In the combined therapy for later-stage cancer patients, β-sitosterol is a good choice.
2.It has the effects of lowering cholesterol level such as inhibiting human body absorbing cholesterol, promoting cholesterol metabolism and inhibiting cholesterol synthesis. It is proved by experiments that the blood cholesterol level of high-cholesterol sufferers will decrease 5-10% after taking various plant sterol mixture 10-20g/day. When taking β-sitosterol 10-15g/day, the blood cholesterol level will decrease 10-20%.
3.Therefore, plant sterol (mainly sitosterol) can prevent and cure cholesterol-related heart diseases such as coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. It also has a significant curative effect on ulcers, skin squamous cell carcinoma and cervical cancer.
4.It has a good anti-inflammation effect similar to hydrocortisone and butapirone. It is not restricted by the adrenal gland of pituitary and does not have any side effects of cortisone drugs. Moreover, β-sitosterol can remove favor, which is similar to aspirin (acetylsalicylic). Generally, common anti-inflammation drugs used in clinics will lead to ulcers. However β-sitosterol will not cause ulcers even applying a high dosage of 300mg/kg.
5.It can help wound healing and tissue regeneration, improve capillary blood circulation and has a good effect on healing and eliminating various injuries. Furthermore, it can combat early-stage non-viral hepatitis evoked by fatty liver.
Sterol has a good permeability in skin. A 2%-5% emulsion can lower fat lipoprotein, improve lipase activity, prevent erythema, suppress skin inflammation, keep the moist of the skin, improve skin metabolism, prevent skin aging and promote hair growth and keep hair in good condition. Therefore, it is used as nourishment in cosmetics.
6.According to the latest report that β-sitosterol can prevent hands, knees and feet from dryness and horniness and prevent forming clavus as well as change the touch feeling of skin. It also can be sued as a conditioner in shampoo to make hair strong, not to break, lower electrostatic effect and protect scalp. So far as a result β-sitosterol has replaced cholesterol to be widely used in cosmetic production hair such as conditioner and hair growth promoting perfume and so on.
7.It can control and combat bacteria yield. When β-sitosterol is absorbed, it can be mis-swallowed by bacteria and cause bacteria variation so as to lower the production of toxins and lower bacteria ability to invade human bodies. The effect of anti-inflammation is better than that of the major antibiotics used currently.
8.β-sitosterol can stabilize and repair liver cell membrane and keep live cells in healthy condition. Therefore, β-sitosterol is a high-quality and natural active substance for safeguarding and protecting liver
Source:The dragon Dan section plant dragon Dan(the Gentiana scabra BGE) and it belongs to the same the near good luck plant dry root or root-stock.
form:This article root-stock is an irregular Tuan form, growing 0.5-3 the Li rices, the path is 0.5-1 the Li rices, the surface ash palm tree or deep brown, wrinkly Suo, there is irregular wreath Wen, the top remains the caulis Hen type Can caulis.The quality is tough and resilient, late fold, the cross section is slightly flat, yellow white or thin brown, bring a sponge.Tiny have special spirit, the flavor is very bitter.Root the cluster get, growing 8-20 the Li rices, the upper part path is 0.2-0.4 milli-s, the rice lower part is thinner, surface yellow or yellow brown, there are the Zong crease and the rootlet Hen, the quality frailty, easy fold, the cross section is slightly flat, yellow brown, the wood department is small, type white.The spirit is tiny, the flavor is very bitter.
1. The organic functions check-the thin root is many, root is thick long, yellow or yellow brown, cleanness, flavor bitter white is good.
2. The organization discriminates-the root-stock cross section mirror check, organize dark brown, the edge isn't whole, the skin is soon dark, the seamy side is 2-3 row wreath forms alignment the wood department, having the Zong horizontal complicated pipe.The root cross section mirror checks, bolting the skin layer to bolt the skin cell for a layer, the outside wall is thick, seamy side 2-3 layer thick corn cell.The skin layer has the cell cleft for the circular soft afterbirth, the seamy side cell is small, the major axis direction prolongs.The Ren skin department is the vast and soft afterbirth and irregularity to spread to get the Shai tube organization, the latter is taken care of by few Shais and the fiber form cell constitute.The Sui line cell circular, and the skin layer the soft afterbirth have no to distinguish obviously, formation layer organization the Fei is thin.
3. The wood department is constituted by the pipes and the wood cells, following the radius direction extension, making irregular interleave, old root middle for the big form Sui, the Sui line cell and the skin department cell, contain the very small grass sour calcium needle Jing, have no starch grid.The Sui department is constituted by a type of wall cell with thin circular.The pipe has the net Wen and rank Wen.
The powder discriminates the country country originally the article powder thin and yellow Wei thin wall cell rectangular to contain the grass sour calcium needle Jing to grow 10-20 microns.The thin wall cell of the just born skin layer, present yellow brown, the afterbirth wall is thick, having square Jing accidentally.The pipe is slightly bent, the path reaches to 40 microns, there is rank Wen, the net Wen pipe.
Effect:The Xie liver and gall is actually a fire, in addition to descending burnt hot and damp.
The lord cures:Headache, the eyes are red, the chest Xie is piercing, hot Li, Yong swollen Chuang Yang, scrotum swollen pain.
1. Have the function of being good for the stomach to the influence dragon Dan that digests a way.The dragon Dan waits for bitter taste to be good for the stomach the medicine can make the big rat stomach liquid and stomach acid secrete increment, but eat bait to take the quantity and weight increment condition and matched control to relatively make no difference.In eat ex- half an hour to take a little amount dragon Dan grass, can stimulate the stomach liquid to secrete;If take after the food, anti- make the stomach function decrease, secrete decrease.The dog artificial stomach Lou experiments a certificate, the dragon Dan bitterness can promote through the stomach Lou tube infusion the stomach liquid and swim to leave hydrochloric acid to secrete increment, and the tongue descend daubery or the vein inject invalid then, thinking this is the dragon Dan bitter agree with stomach direct function with the result that.The dragon Dan bitterness can make to leave the body bowel tube The tension increment, constringency range enlargement.Have ever there been the report way to think, the dragon Dan and it belongs to the same the plant G.lutea L., G.punctata L.Waiting for the root withdraws a thing, especially the powder, the agree with stomach bowel way has weak incitement a function, can make mucosa light degree Chong blood, speed food is delivered by the stomach to the bowel a tube, the clinical top can be used in impaired digestion, the appetite doesn't flap and the digestive juice lack of of sufferer.
2. With the dragon Dan inject a liquid to give healthily and liver injure of big rat 12 bowels inject a 50 gs/kg or inject a 4.5 gs/kg for healthy dog vein all ability obvious increment the gall discharge.Prove its beneficial Dan function.
3. The dragon Dan bitterness protected the liver function directly.The protection liver cell function of the dragon Dan bitterness measures with a direct proportion in certainly the scope.Test a certificate:The dragon Dan bitterness to four chlorination carbon and the D-ammonia Ji half lactose with the result that the whole animal of the chemistry liver harm has protection function.Inject a liquid to inject(equal in get the medicine 30 mgs/kg) for small rat belly cavity with the dragon Dan, can protect obviously because the small rat chemistry liver cell caused by four chlorination carbons hurt, and can ease die and the liver cell with bad animal liver to the pathological changes degree of the medicine set, giving the medicine set the liver cell the content is obviously high inside the sugar dollar in four the chlorination carbon set, hint it to four chlorination carbons with the result that the liver cell sugar dollar synthesizes the obstacle contain the Jie anti- function.
4. The anti-virus function dragon Dan grass water immerses to have different degree to the skin fungis, such as gypsum kind hair tinea germ and the star polygon Nu card germ...etc. to repress a function in the tube, carrying a helicoid, green Nong rod bacteria and transforming a rod bacteria, the typhoid rod bacteria to have already repressed a function as well to the hook.
5. Big rat foot the Zhi edema that the anti- Yan function dragon Dan bitter opposite angles fork vegetables gum causes has already repressed a function.Taking orally the dragon Dan alkali can make the big rat formaldehyde"arthritis" swell to ease.To the anti- Yan function of the small rat more the salicylic acid is strong.The anti- Yan principle possibility has something to do with nerve- hanging the body-adrenal glands system.
6. The other function dragon Dan alkali is depressant to small rat, can make the activity ability reduce, the muscle is flabby.The big amount of dragon Dan Ding has already declined to press a function to the animal, and can repress heart, reducing a slow heart rate.Try out in"turn the cancer Dan" with the dragon Dan(the species didn't note) in the small rat Ai surname stomach water cancer, prove an anti- tumor function.From the G.Lutea L. The dragon Dan bitterness won to put forward has higher toxicity to the plasmodium, can be used in malaria to have fever.The dragon Dan has already repressed a born function of antibody still.
The medicine clinic makes use of
1. Cure the fad B type encephalitis and can take orally to give 20% dragon Dan grass syrup to the light disease, each time 10-15 mls, the day takes 3 times;The one who vomit to can't take a meal after the obfuscation, use 2:1 dragon Dan grass inject the liquid muscle to inject, each time 2-4 mls, go to heat to back 3 divas to stop a medicine 3-4 times everyday.Medium, heavy type all assists to be cured with the western medicine normal regulations in the meantime.Observe totally 23 example, among them heavy type 11 example, win, light 6 for each, all completely recovered.In 3 days the body temperature recovers normal 18 example, 15 the examples have already had muscular spasms the condition of illness inner-controlled system for 24 hours 11 the examples, state of minds turn to wide awoke 10.1 heavy type contain linger effect.
2. Cure the jaundice hepatitis to add and subtract the treatment jaundice hepatitis 212 with the dragon Dan Xie liver soup, all get to recover from illness.
3. Curing the leukemia leukemia has the anger or liver hot performance, regarding the dragon Dan Xie liver souping as principle to match with a chemotherapy to cure 26 example, alleviate completely 14 example, the part alleviates 10 example, total efficient 92.3%.4. Cure the Varicella-Zoster virus dragon Dan grass 30 gs, the Dan is three 15 gses, hemlock parsley 10 gs.The water fries, everyday 1, take 2 times separately sooner or later.The big constipation knots enlargement yellow 12 gs.Cure 42, all cure.Take a medicine 1 back the ache ease 14 example, take a medicine 3 back the skin Zhen stop developing 38.All all good reaction.
4. Cure the impatient card his sex conjunctivitis dragon Dan grass 15 gs, water 250 mls.Taking the fried liquid adds just the right amount of sodium chloride to wash an eye, everyday is 3-4 times.Cure 94 example, use a completely recovered of 1-2 divas of medicine 84.Only 4 is invalid after curing.
The square chooses to use:
1. Cure eyes Se in hot line:Get once the dragon Dan(squeeze juice) match, golden thread(immerse juice) is a, with order it.
2. Cure a swollen pain of throat:The dragon Dan grass a pair of, squeeze juice, the Gu Sou takes it.
3. Cure the scrotum breeze Sao Yang or break, flowing water, again embroider ball breeze:Bitter dragon Dan grass, by frost peach leaf, beehive, Li Lu, thousand pieces of papers.Total Dao thin end, the sesame oil adjusts Cha.
Go together with five effects:
The dragon Dan grass goes together with five hook rattans, the antelope corn dragon Dan grass bitternesses cold, the Xie liver and gall solid fire;Hook a rattan sweet cool, pure and hot and even liver, the interest breeze Jing;The antelope corn Xian is cold, the even liver interest breeze, pure and hot town is surprised.Three five use, play the pure liver Xie heat totally, the effect of the Jing interest breeze, use in cure high and hot God to faint to have muscular spasms and the dizziness of the anger top Yan, the liver sun top Kang headache, the eyes are red swollen pain etc. disease.
The dragon Dan grass goes together with five bitternesses three, yellow cypress the threes all have pure hot humid of Gong, mutually five in order to use, its effect more wear, use in treatment the hot and damp cause of Yin the swollen Yin Yang, white bring, eczema etc. disease.
The dragon Dan grass goes together with five bacterium Chen, the Yu gold dragon Dan grasses pure hot humid;The bacterium Chen's benefit is wet to back Huang;The Yu gold goes the spirit solution Yu to relieve pain.Three medicine suitable for uses, have pure hot humid, the benefit Dan back Huang and go spirit to relieve pain of effect, use in treatment jaundice, Xie pain, urinate a color Huang because of hot and damp with the result that.
The dragon Dan grass goes together with five Zhi sons, firewood Hu dragon Dan grass Xie liver and gall fires;The Zhi son pure liver and gall heat;The firewood Hu Shu liver solves Yu.Three medicine suitable for uses, there is the Xie liver liver solution Yu effect, use in the treatment liver and gall actually the fire cause of two the Xie bulge pain, bitterness, the eyes are red, deaf etc..
Proper hate:The appetite infirmity makes to leak and has no hot and damp actually the fire to hate.
Poisonous side effect:The dragon Dan a time of big amount of belly cavity injects, the small rat half the number causes death to measure to 2770 mgses/kgs;(in 96 hours)The dog vein injects a bitter 500 mgs/kg of the dragon Dan to cause to vomit, the 1000 mgs/kg causes to die, the dragon Dan the bitter belly cavity inject a half the number to cause death to measure for the 350 mgs/kg.
The clinical application this article, if take in great quantities, can hinder digest, also it is thus clear that headache, the facial tide is red, fainting Xuan etc. condition of illness.
Cure a theory medicine
The grass dragon Dan flavor since greatly bitter, sex Fu is big and cold, the medicine of the pure Yin is also, although can in addition to actually hot, the stomach is falsely the blood is few of the person can't try lightly.Ream person Ni of the empty stomach bait cans not help, it is too bitter to then descend to leak too much past also.
The dragon Dan grass is the positive medicine of the foot Jue Yin, few sun, the big ability Xie fire, but lead to be made with Zuo, the various fire then all cures.The fire of any liver kidney enough to spare, all its is proper.
The dragon Dan grass, its Gong particularly in the benefit water, eliminate wet, in addition to jaundice, the rest cures eyes, Li, back swollen, reduce fever, all expand of the speech is also.But this kind of share profit too, is to consume spirit to hurt blood, the water goes to and the blood also go, wet in addition to
And the spirit also eliminate, the water of early wet jaundice, use it have to Ji, the water of the long disease wet jaundice, use it must slowly, just don't be able to whole Shis it for the benefit water God Dan, eliminate wet in addition to Dan it work properly a medicine also.Or call the dragon Dan grass to cure hot and damp, most the benefit Dan disease, the disease of the positive hot and damp also, however use the dragon Dan grass to cure jaundice, have much not the effect, is also?A kind of jaundice actually not only hot and damp also isn't hot and also become the jaundice, the non- dragon Dan grass can cure also.The heat that the dragon Dan grass Xie is wet to win, can't the Xie isn't hot of wet also.
The Dan grass particularly the fire of the Xie liver and gall, the lord cures a painful neck pain of eyes, two Xie aches, surprised evil ways, the child Gan accumulates, any belongs to liver through hot evil bring trouble, use of astounding.Its smell is decorous and dip down, well pure descend burnt hot and damp, if bag Yong, then poisonous, descend Gan and urinate the Se Zhi, man's sun swells pretty, or shining pay Nong, or the Yang pain in caulis, woman's Yin Long makes pain, or become itchy to grow a boil, with this go into the dragon Dan Xie liver soup cure it, all bitter and cold win heat of the power is also.Can also in addition to the stomach heat, even tapeworm, cover Hui get bitterness namely Anne's ear.
Mutually the fire sends on the liver and gall, there is Xie of no help, the spirit of the benefit liver and gall of the past dragon Dan, just with it ability the evil heat of the Xie liver and gall is also.But greatly bitter and big and cold, spirit led to take to harm perhaps to get to deliver in the stomach, anti- help fire evil, also long the golden thread is anti- from cremate of righteousness.
The dragon Dan grass, the flavor bitterness is tiny and sour, is the stomach house positive medicine.Its bitterness also can decline the stomach spirit, Jian stomach quality;It is sour also, can benefit sour juice in stomach, digest food.Any stomach hot air is negative, the gastric juice short of, can't eat, take it can open stomach to take a meal.……Tiny and sour belong to a wood, past again go into liver and gall, the Zi liver blood, the benefit gall, decline the heat of the liver and gall to don't up make Yan, all without exception eyes disease, throw up blood, Nyu blood, two descend blood then, surprised, faint, because the liver and gall has hot and with the result that the disease, all ability more it.Its Xie liver and gall is actually hot of power, several in the Shao medicine, and the liver and gall of Lian Ji is falsely hot, solid not as also as Shao medicine.
The dragon Dan grass, it uses to have four:In addition to the lower part rheumatism, an also;In addition to descending burnt hot and damp, two also;In addition to the Qi goes to a swollen pain of foot as follows, three also;In addition to cold and wet beriberi, four also.And then Yue, the spirit of the benefit liver and gall, any eye swollen Jing bulge, the Yu meat is high since, unbearably painful, take the firewood Hu as a gentleman, in order to make, the Dan grass this again the eye disease use necessarily of the medicine is also.
The dragon Dan grass also calls the grass dragon Dan, the brief name dragon Dan or Dan grasses.Because of its flavor bitterness very, and then have the bitter dragon Dan grass it call.This article gets to use, the smell is decorous and dip down, well pure liver and gall solid fire, the Liao descends burnt hot and damp, in common use bring in the hot and damp jaundice, white, the Yin is swollen and have a headache a red etc. certificate of eyes.Because its flavor is misery, harming Pi easily
Stomach, the not only appetite is weak should not use, even constitution strong solid can only also throw temporary, can't be long to use.
The root of the dragon Dan that collects lately washes call to get the dragon Dan into the medicine clearly to, often can squeeze juice because of its much fresher juice outside use.Immerse juice to order an eye with golden thread with it, cure hot line eyes Se, swollen and inflamed hot pain, the Cheng has a good effect.The dragon Dan grass slices a segment to fry to the burned black color to save sex, spray a water, put out clean Mars and bask with the strong fire dry go into the medicine to call burnt Dan grass, also call Dan grass Tan.Since can lead the cent and cool blood to stop bleeding into the blood, cure the wine poison then blood, the bowel breeze to descend blood;Can defend its bitterness again cold harm stomach dry Yin is weaker to the appetite, Yin harm the blood is dry can consider feeling to use it.The dragon Dan grass slices
The segment sprays wine to mix evenly, use the text fire to fry to do to call into the medicine the wine fries the dragon Dan, uping north route well and pure head the fire poison of is used in eyes more red swollen pain, the deaf, bitterness etc. certificate;Also can slowly it is cold and avoids its Zhi, and win to have a line, be applicable to liver and gall solid fire and see the treatment of the spirit Zhi Xie pain.
In the application of the hairdressing:
Produce in"the dragon Dan grass" of foothill district in high elevation district, because of clean of the headwaters of the air and purity surround, from time immemorial is usually taken come Be help appetite absorption, take and the stomach department unwell herb medicine, also can repress the skin inflammation, the research paper that is in the near future also point out, the function of the dragon Dan grass anti- inflammation, returning can impede the keratin cell to deliver creation the melanin message to the melanin further female cell, can stop melanin then by this of born.
Have a skin tightly actually and refrain from rash action, stimulate blood circulation etc. function, can make the cell activate, promote the collagen synthesize, catch a free radicals, can increase is the oil skin and have the crease skin skin care products.
Can smooth a skin and repress the skin inflammation, after helping the prevention and repair and maintenance to insolate skin, and lock the skin humidity, strengthen old discard a keratin metabolism.
Accept one degree super and good, in short and several seconds can let the skin absorb completely, promote the clarity of the skin consumedly, let skin from inside and outside, pay deeply as in the morning the flower petal sort the fresh and delicate water is bright original top of fair nobility at very early medicine material the top of the book has already jotted down, the dragon Dan grass is the best Chinese herbal medicine hairdressing medicine material, having slow, town quiet and moisten the effect of the skin.
Provide the skin the long effect and plentiful hydration ability, and have the soft skin quality function to raise keratin to protect the water ability, promote a skin for maintain the ingredient absorption power.
Induce to have;
1. Anti- inflammation
2. Obstruct melanin formation
3. Promote the collagen formation
4. The skin is tightly solid and refrain from rash action
5. Stimulate skin blood circulation
6. The skin cell activates
7. After insolating skin repair and maintenance
8. Accelerate a skin metabolism
9. The town is quiet to smooth
10. Super and strong protect wet, protect a water
11. Increase a skin to the absorption power of the skin care products